Bus Stand Essay In Marathi

OwnerGovernment of Maharashtra
Transit typeIntercity bus service within State of Maharashtra and selected cities neighbouring states
Local bus service in selected cities
Chief executiveChairman : Divakar Ravate (Transport Minister)
Managing Director : Ranjit Singh Deol (IAS)
HeadquartersMumbai Central, Mumbai
Began operation1948 as Bombay State Road Transport Corporation (BSRTC)
1960 as Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation

The Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation abbreviated as (MSRTC, or simply ST),[1] is the state run bus service of Maharashtra, India with 16,500 buses which ferry 7 million passengers daily . It serves routes to towns and cities within Maharashtra and adjoining states. Apart from locations within the state of Maharashtra, the MSRTC service also covers destinations in neighboring states . It also offers a facility for online booking of tickets for all Buses.[2]

History and evolution[edit]

The Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation was established by State Government of Maharashtra as per the provision in Section 3 of RTC Act 1950.The M.S.R.T.C is operating its services by the approved scheme of road transport published vide Notification MVA 3173/30303-XIIA dated 29 November 1973 in the official gazette.The area covered by the scheme is entire area of the State of Maharashtra. The undertaking is operating stage and contract carriage services in the entire area of the state of Maharashtra except S.T. undertaking defined under Section 68 A (b) of M. V. Act and other exception published in the scheme.The First bus was flagged off from the Pune to Ahmednagar in 1948.Tracing the history that saw this development, we go back to the 1920s, when various entrepreneurs started their operations in the public transport scenario. Till the Motor Vehicle Act came into being in 1939, there were no regulations monitoring their activities, and this resulted in arbitrary competition, unregulated fares.The implementation of the act rectified matters to an extent. The individual operators were asked to form a union on defined routes in a particular area. This also proved to be beneficial for travelers as some sort of schedule set in, with a time table, pick-up points, conductors, and fixed ticket prices. Thus continued the state of affairs till 1948, when the then Bombay State Government, with the late Morarji Desai as the home minister, started its own state road transport service, called State Transport Bombay. And the first blue and silver-topped bus took off from Pune to Ahmednagar. The driver and conductor used to wear khaki uniforms and peak caps. There were 10 makes of buses in use then – Chevrolet, Fort, Bedford, Seddon, Studebaker, Morris Commercial, Albion, Leyland, Commer and Fiat.In the early 1950s, two luxury coaches were also introduced with Morris Commercial Chassis. These were called Neelkamal and Giriyarohini and used to ply on the Pune-Mahableshwar route. They had two by two seats, curtains, interior decoration, a clock and green tinted glasses.

In 1950, a Road Transport Corporation Act was passed by the Central Government and it delegated powers to states to form their individual road transport corporations with the Central Government contributing one-third of the capital. The Bombay State Road Transport Corporation (BSRTC) thus came into being, later changing its name to MSRTC with the re-organization of the state.

The ST started with 30 Bedford buses having wooden bodies, coir seats. The fare charged on the Pune-Nagar route was nine paisa. With time, the S.T. buses underwent many changes, including increasing the seating capacity from the original 30 to 45 to the present 54, introduction of all-steel bodies to replace wooden bodies to make them stronger and cushion seats for more comfort. Later, in 1960, aluminium bodies were introduced as steel corrodes, especially in coastal areas, and the colour code also changed to red from the blue and silver. A partial night service was launched in 1956; the overnight service about a decade later and the semi-luxury class came into being during the Asian Games in 1982.

The S.T. buses are also used for transportation of the postal mail, distribution of medicines, newspapers and even tiffins sent by people from rural areas to their relatives in cities. Transporting goods of the farmers to cities, is also one of their jobs.

Bus fleet[edit]

MSRTC is operating a fleet of approximately 16,000 buses that ferry 7 million passengers daily on 17,000 routes.[3] The Ordinary, Parivartan, Asiad and City Buses are built at MSRTC's in-house workshops at Dapodi, Aurangabad, and Nagpur on Ashok Leyland and TATA chassis. These workshops produce as high as 2,000 buses per annum on an average. The corporation has 9 tyre retreading plants along with 32 divisional workshops. The Shivneri Fleet consists of Volvo 9400R Buses and Scania Metrolink buses .



External links[edit]

Mumbai is a huge city with several district articles containing sightseeing, restaurant, nightlife and accommodation listings — have a look at each of them.
For other places with the same name, see Bombay (disambiguation).
Quick Facts
Government District of Mumbai City & Capital of Maharashtra
Currency Indian rupee (INR)
Area 4,355 km2(Metro incl.)
Population 12,478,447 (2011 est.)
Religion n/a
Electricity 230V/50Hz, Indian (Old British)/European plugs
Time Zone UTC+5:30

Mumbai (Marathi: मुंबई) [45], a cosmopolitan metropolis, earlier known as Bombay, is the largest city in India and the capital of Maharashtra state. Mumbai was originally a conglomeration of seven islands on the Konkan coastline which over time were joined to form the island city of Bombay. The island was in turn joined with the neighboring island of Salsette to form Greater Bombay. The city has an estimated metropolitan population of 21 million (2005), making it one of the world's most populous cities.

Mumbai is undoubtedly the commercial capital of India and is one of the predominant port cities in the country. Mumbai's nature as the most eclectic and cosmopolitan Indian city is symbolized in the presence of Bollywood within the city, the centre of the globally-influential Hindi film and TV industries. It is also home to India's largest slum population.


South Mumbai (Fort, Colaba, Malabar Hill, Nariman Point, Marine Lines, Tardeo)
The oldest areas of Mumbai. Contains Mumbai's downtown area and is considered the heart of this commercial capital of India. The richest neighborhoods in the country are located here, which command among the highest property rates in the world. Real estate prices in South Mumbai are comparable to those in Manhattan. This is the primary tourist area of Mumbai and home to most of Mumbai's museums, art galleries, bars, upscale restaurants, luxury retail with brands like Armani, zegna, Hermes, Sangeeta Boochra etc., and the Gateway of India.
South Central Mumbai (Byculla, Parel, Worli, Prabhadevi, Dadar)
Used to be Mumbai's industrial heartland, but went into decline when the industries did. Now this area has been revamped into a white-collar office location. Home to Mumbai's only zoo, the Worli sea face, and the temple to what people consider the city's guardian deity. As you move North, it morphs into a nice middle-class locality.
North Central Mumbai (Dharavi, Matunga, Vadala, Sion, Mahim)
Primarily an upper middle-class area, except for Dharavi, which contains Asia's second largest slum. This area developed immediately after India's independence, because of a wave of immigration. Part of the migrants were refugees from the partition.
West Mumbai (Bandra, Khar, Santa Cruz, Juhu, Vile Parle, Andheri,Versova)
Contains Mumbai's other downtown and is home to those rich who want to have a more peaceful surrounding. It has a few beaches. Home to a large Christian community and the city's most famous church. This is also where the city's domestic and international airports are.
East Mumbai (Kurla, Vidyavihar, Ghatkopar, Vikhroli, Kanjur Marg, Bhandup, Mulund, Powai,Thane,Kalyan Mumbai is very niceeeeeee.)
Harbour Suburbs (Chembur, Mankhurd, Govandi, Trombay)
Before the development of Navi Mumbai as a satellite town of Bombay, this area used to be known only for the existence of an atomic research centre. Now this is known for being on the way to Navi Mumbai.
North Mumbai (Manori, Jogeshwari, Malad, Borivali, Gorai, Mira Road, Bhyander, Naigaon, Vasai, Nala Sopara, Virar)
This is where you go to find beaches that are not dirty. Other than this, it is just another victim of Bombay's vast urban sprawl. Contains the Sanjay Gandhi National Park and Mumbai's oldest heritage sites: the Kanheri, Mahakali, Jogeshwari, and Mandapeshwar rock-cut temples dating from the 1st century B.C to the 5th century A.D. The Global Vipassana Pagoda is a notable monument in Gorai, Mumbai, India. The pagoda is to serve as a monument of peace and harmony. This monument was inaugurated by Pratibha Patil, the President of India on 8 February 2009. It is located in the north of Mumbai in an area called Gorai and is built on donated land on a peninsula between Gorai creek and the Arabian Sea. Essel world, India's largest amusement park is also located on the gorai island, just besides the global vipassana pagoda.

Western and Central, East and West

A visitor to Mumbai's suburbs will quickly learn that the suburbs are divided into "Western" and "Central". You will also hear of a "West" side and an "East" side. Here is a quick explanation for the confused.

  • The Western and Central suburbs are named after the local railway lines that serve the respective areas. The Western and Central Railways are rail lines that serve the western and central parts of India. Both have their headquarters in Mumbai. The Harbor Line is a feeder line that connects the harbor areas to the Central and Western lines. It also provides connectivity to the Northeastern suburbs of Mumbai and on wards to Navi Mumbai. Most of these areas do not lie anywhere close to an harbor.
  • Almost all localities in Mumbai have a "West" side and an "East" side. "West" means West of the railway line and "East" means East of the railway line. For example, Mulund (West) means that the area is to the west of the Mulund railway station. In addresses, West and East are abbreviated, i.e. Mulund(W) and Mulund(E).

Mumbai is a city built in successive waves of migrations. The neighborhoods acquired their character from the communities that settled there first. These neighborhoods are too numerous to list and there is no commonly accepted way to group these neighborhoods into larger districts. But roughly, from the south to the north, this is how the city developed.


Mumbai is a bustling, diverse metropolis with a flair all its own. The entrepreneurial spirit and pulsing pace of life provide a sharp contrast to much of the rest of India.


There has been much debate regarding the original name of the city. Some say the current name of the city Mumbai is the original name; and is an eponym derived from "Mumba", the name of the local Hindu goddess Mumbadevi, and "Aai", meaning "mother" in Marathi. Others claim Bombay was an anglicized version of Bom Bahia, a name given by the Portuguese to mean "Beautiful Bay" and later made popular by the British as the name of the Bombay state.

The name was officially changed from Bombay to Mumbai in 1995. Although Bombay and Mumbai are both used, people who explicitly use "Bombay" are generally non-Marathi speakers whereas "Mumbai" proponents primarily speak Marathi. In the West, Mumbai has become more commonly accepted in order to avoid controversy. It is also fondly called as आमची मुंबई ("our Mumbai").


Though the seven islands that now make up the city have a long recorded history like any other place in India, their journey to form the city of Mumbai really started in 1498, when the Portuguese took them over from the Sultan of Gujarat. They built a settlement, forts, and churches, (including the strange looking Portuguese Church that stands to this day.) They, however, could not make much of their possession and the seven islands were handed over to England in 1661 as part of the dowry of Catherine de Braganza when she married Charles II of England. He wasn't very interested in the islands either, and he leased them to the British East India Company for £10 a year in 1668. The East India Company built the docks, the trading posts, and the fort that would form the nerve centre of the city. They also started off the long process of reclaiming land and joining the islands, an activity which went on until the 1960s.

The port attracted industries and the entrepreneurial communities like the Parsis, Gujaratis, and Marwaris (from Rajasthan) migrated and set up trading companies and factories in the late 19th century. Industries attracted migrant labor from different parts of the country. The successive waves of migration shaped the character of the city and its neighborhoods.

The city that owes its existence to the efforts of the British was also the birthplace of the Indian National Congress, which played an overwhelmingly important role in the independence movement. The city whose mills were built by industrialists from across the country is the capital of Maharashtra state, which was carved on linguistic lines for Marathi speakers.

In the 80s, high labor costs and unrest forced the closure of many textile mills and the city went into a decline from which it started recovering only in the late 90s. The high population put a strain on the infrastructure. The rail and road network has been undergoing a steady improvement over the 90s, but because of the magnitude of the task, the roads seem to be perennially under construction. Mumbai has now reinvented itself as a hub for the Service industry.

In January 1993, in the wake of the destruction of the Babri Mosque in Ayodhya, a wave of riots swept the city, with over 1000 people killed, the vast majority of whom were Muslims. Relations between the city's various ethnic groups have been tense ever since, with several terrorist outrages (see #Stay safe) adding fuel to the fire.

Culture and attitudes[edit]

Mumbai is the most cosmopolitan city in India. In comparison with the rest of the country, the city is quite liberal. With a regular influx of immigrants from rest of India, the citizens, popularly known as 'Mumbaikers', have shown remarkable tolerance towards other cultures, making it a true cultural melting pot. However in recent times, this tolerance has sometimes bowed under external pressures. Between the 60s and 80s, there was resentment about the non-Marathi speakers taking away jobs. The 1991 and 1993 riots between Hindus and Muslims did attempt to affect this spirit, however the city largely managed to recover from these, although serious divisions remain as memories remain scarred.


Climate Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Daily highs (°C) 31 31 33 33 33 32 30 29 30 33 33 32
Nightly lows (°C) 16 17 21 24 26 26 25 25 24 23 21 18
Precipitation (mm) 1 2 0 1 13 574 868 553 306 63 15 56

source Indian Meteorological Department

Mumbai has three main seasons — Summer, Monsoon, and Winter (milder summer). The best time to visit is during the winter between November and February. Humidity is also less during the winter, when the climate is pleasant; the minimum temperature is 17 degrees centigrade and the maximum is 30-31 degrees. Summer is from March to May with highs in the low to mid 30s (roughly 80-90°F). It is hot and humid during this time. June to September is the monsoon season when the city is lashed by heavy rains. The city gets flooded two or three times and normal life gets disrupted during this season. Climate is humid pretty much throughout the year because the city rests on the coast.

Get in[edit]

By plane[edit]

Mumbai has excellent connectivity with most of the major cities around the world, including, New York, London, Dubai, Singapore, Hong Kong, Kuala Lumpur to name a few. If you are flying from Europe it is generally cheaper to fly from London, and there are many flights daily. Most of the domestic sectors too are linked to Mumbai, making it the second busiest aviation hub in the country.


Mumbai's Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport (IATA: BOM) (ICAO: VABB)[46] is India's second busiest airport and one of the main international gateways to the country. Many international airlines such as British Airways, United, Emirates, Malaysia Airlines, Lufthansa, Qantas, and Singapore Airlines, fly into Mumbai. Low-cost carriers also fly to the city.

The airport consists mainly of two terminals (for Domestic & International purposes) - both terminals use the same airspace but are 4km apart. There is a free shuttle bus connecting them but be prepared for long delays through security. Going from Domestic to International you are taken outside the airport and you will re-enter through International Departures.

  • Terminal 1 Domestic (Low-Cost) Terminal
    • Terminal 1A: is no longer in operation. all services of Air India have been moved to the new T2 which serves both domestic and international sectors of Air India
    • Terminal 1B: serves various private airlines, such as Indigo, SpiceJet, & GO Air (usually Low Cost Airlines).
  • Terminal 2 International Terminal Full Service Carriers like Vistara, Air India, Jet Airways now operate from T2. (International terminal). It is advisable to check with the airline or your ticket receipt regarding departure / arrival terminal

The new international terminal (T2) opened in 2014 replacing the old international terminal.

The Sahar Elevated Access Road, abbreviated to SEAR, is a dedicated, elevated, express access road in Mumbai that connects the Western Express Highway (WEH) near Hanuman Nagar junction in Vile Parle, with the forecourts of Terminal T2 of the Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport. It facilitates easier and quicker access to the commuters proceeding to and from the airport.

To and from airport[edit]

The airport is 28 km from downtown. Take a prepaid coupon taxi to minimize hassle. Never pay more than Rs 450-600 for a prepaid taxi. This amount should get you all the way to the southernmost point of Colaba, the main tourist district. While it is possible to take metered taxis to your eventual destination, it is always a safer bet to take the prepaid taxis, in order to avoid being taken to your destination via a longer route, thus increasing the meter reading! While it is not mandatory to pay extra charges for your luggage, a tip of Rs 50-100 shall always be appreciated. Be extra careful with the main prepaid counter on the left as you leave the terminal. There is a well-known scam with the employees here replacing your 500 rupee bill with a 100 rupee bill and giving you change for the latter.

There are many prepaid taxi offices all in a row as you are exiting the airport, if one offers a very high rate, just walk to the next window and so forth until you find one with a good rate. Go to the taxi office and purchase a coupon to take to the driver. The coupon will have the taxi registration number written on it. Make sure that you get into that very taxi. Do not accept a lift from someone claiming to be a taxi driver as they may charge much higher prices designed to target tourists. The charges will depend on the general area you need to get to and will include all tolls to be paid. Most premium hotels will organize their own cars which is a much better alternative. Radio meter taxis like MERU and TABCAB are available from the prepaid counters within the airport after the luggage belt/customs. After paying a 100 prupee service fee, MERU/TAbcab will give you a copuon with the driver's name, mobile number and cab number. The cab is available from the basement cab parking of the airport. Uber is also available from the airport, but one has to walk to the pickup point for it.

While most drivers should not have any problem delivering you to major hotels and intersections, do not assume your driver will be familiar with lesser known hotels etc.. Before departing, make sure you have secured full address of your destination. By taking this extra step, you should avoid any delays.

After reading many of the warnings in this site, I was ready to haggle at every turn and not trust any one. This was after spending 20 total hours in the air within 24 hours. I made a nuisance of myself. Generally the people in India are very honest and helpful. Of course with any taxi driver anywhere, you want to know where you are going, down to street directions if necessary, but in India several times after I had agreed to pay 50 Rupees, the driver gave me a rebate for the short trip. The way to avoid any hassles with the taxi at the airport, is to go to the fixed rate counters. When I was there at 2 AM, only a few counters were open, and the ones on the left I soon found were for exact locations and cost almost twice as much, which they told me. So I went to the general window, and got a 700 Rupee ticket to South Mumbai, near Mumbai Central. This included 50 Rupees for the counter service, and I was told that it was as much as 700 Rupees (not 450 to 600) because it was at night. 100 Rupees is currently about $1.50 USD. Then I went outside ready to get hassled, but everybody was very helpful to find me the proper taxi with the number on the ticket. Of all the transactions you make in India, the taxi is the most liable to cause trouble, but you can usually tell when the driver is trying to rip you off, and there your haggling skills come into play. If you know where you need to go, and the value of the Rupee, you won't be hurt too much. It also helps everywhere in India to welcome people with "Namaste." If you know some numbers in Hindi, that will help you to knock down prices that could be inflated.

BY PUBLIC TRANSPORT: For those who don't want to use taxis to get to downtown, take bus 337 or 308 (bus stop just outside Level 6 departure hall entrance); to terminus which is Andheri station (bus fare Rs 14), walk a short distance to the Andheri train station, then take Harbour Line (Blue) towards CST terminus, (train fare Rs 10 buy from ticket/booking office, but there seem to be no one checking tickets on the jam packed trains). [Alternate train is taking the red line Western line to Dadar, then switch to Green Central line towards CST.]

Worth noting is that the blue Harbour line passes by Dharavi slum, reportedly Asia's largest slum.

Parking at airports[edit]

Paid parking is available at the airport. The charges are Rs 60 per four hour block for cars. Longer term parking is available in a "premium" area, but it is hideously expensive, amounting to Rs 600 per day.


There are ATM terminals in the international arrival area and many money changers near the exit as well.

Tourist traps[edit]

As in any other city, local people may try to take advantage of tourists who are unfamiliar with the area. Although you are bound to run into many different tourist traps while you are in Mumbai one should be aware that when your taxi cab pulls up to the airport a man will more than likely get your luggage out of the trunk, put it in a cart, push it towards the terminal asking for a Rs 500+ baggage fee along the way. There is no baggage fee; it is best to decline the offer take the cart and pushing it yourself. You can dance in the streets and look like an idiot too until the thief runs away in embarrassment.

By boat[edit]

Numerous travel organizations now offer cruises to Singapore, Malaysia, Dubai, etc. Though the cruise industry is still developing, Mumbai can be reached by such cruises. Ferries from Ferry Wharf allow cheap access to islands and beaches in the vicinity of the city and the Elephanta caves.

By train[edit]

Railways in India
The first commercial railway service began on 16th April 1853 at 3:35PM on its first run between VT (now the Chattrapati Shivaji Terminus) and Thane.

Trains arrive in Mumbai from all over India. The Central line serves connectivity to Southern India, Eastern India, and parts of North India. The key stations are Chattrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus, known just as VT), Dadar Terminus, and Kurla (Lokmanya Tilak) Terminus. The Western line connects to the Western states of Gujarat, Rajasthan, and some parts of North India. The main termini are Mumbai Central and Bandra Terminus.

The Konkan Railway [47](which is a separately administered and newly built line) travels through the picturesque Konkan coast of Maharastra and is a good way to travel from Goa,[Mangalore]] and Kerala . The Lokmanya Tilak Terminus (LTT) is the destination for the line.

By road[edit]

By car[edit]

National highway numbers 3, 4, 6, 8, 9, 17, and the Mumbai-Pune expressway radiate from the city providing links to all parts of the country. The road conditions are generally better than in the rest of India. The comfortable airconditioned blue cabs are available to Pune and Ahmednagar-Nashik from opposite Asiad Bus Termina in Dadar and Lakhamsi Nappoo Rd near Dadar east railway station respectively. Distances from various cities to Mumbai are:

  • From Other States: Ahmedabad (550 km, 12 hrs), Bangalore (998 km), Chennai (1109km), Cochin (1384 km), Goa (593 km, 11 hrs), Hyderabad (711 km, 24 hrs), Mangalore (713km), New Delhi (1407 km)

If you are visiting from nearby cities like Pune, Surat, Nashik etc then there is other option to take personalized cab service provided by Vayu Travels , Travelocar, VCabs Tempo Traveller on rent in Pune, Vayu Travels, Taxi For Hyderabad, India Cab Deal, Arnav Cabs, Ali Cool Cab, [48], Taxi Guru Solution and Just Car Rental. Shared cab service is also available, and companies like Mumbai Pune Taxi, [49], Balaji Cabs, My Cab Deal, Ganraj Travels provide such service. All the cab operators mentioned in this page also provides the cab for one-way trip. You cab compare the cab fare of different car rental companies from the website of CabX.

  • From any part of Maharashtra you can take one-way car service to Mumbai Airport and Mumbai Airport to another city

By bus[edit]

Mumbai is well served by buses from destinations inside India.

  • Asiad Bus Service The bus terminal, popularly known as 'Asiad Bus Terminal' on Ambedkar Rd in Dadar east is another hub from where buses travel to Pune at regular frequency of 15 minutes to 1 hour. Dadar and Pune are well connected by comfortable airconditioned Shivneri buses run by State Road Transport Corporation.The fares are in the range of Rs 100 300 and buses vary in comfort from ordinary to luxury with air conditioning. Other routes available are Mumbai - Satara, Mumbai - Nasik. The easiest way to reach the terminal is to cross over using pedestrian foot bridge to Dadar East from the Dadar Terminus and walk straight all the way (less than 5 mins) to Ambedkar Rd.
  • Private Buses There also exist numerous private bus operators who operate a large number of services from/to Mumbai from most major cities like Udaipur, Ajmer, Ahmedabad, Vadodara, Surat, Indore, Nashik, Aurangabad, Hyderabad, Belgaum, Hubli, Bangalore, Mangalore, Trichur and Goa. For Pune, buses depart every 10 minutes. Crawford Market, Dadar T.T, Sion, Chembur and Borivili are the main starting points. Some of the reliable private operators are - National, Sharma, VRL, Konduskar, Dolphin, Paulo and Southern Travels.
  • ST Buses The MSRTC (Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation), (Mumbai Central: +91 22 2307 4272/ +91 22 2307 6622, Parel: +91 22 2422 9905 Dadar: +91 22 2413 6835) commonly known as ST, operates services to Mumbai from various cities in Maharashtra. Mumbai Central is the most important Terminus in the city. All major cities in Maharashtra and nearby states are connected through Mumbai Central Terminus. The other important ST depots are at Parel, Nehru Nagar-Kurla, and Borivali. You can get buses for all over Maharashtra from these depots. But from Mumbai Central you would get buses any time as well as other State Transport buses. Quality varies.

Get around[edit]

Most of Mumbai's inhabitants rely on public transport to and from their workplace due to the lack of parking spaces, traffic bottlenecks, and generally poor road conditions, especially in the monsoon. However, do ride in a taxi and auto at least once in the city. If you are not used to Indian roads, an auto-rickshaw ride can be a heart-stopping, death-defying, laws-of-physics-bending adventure in a vehicle that feels like it might fall apart at a speed over 30 km/h with a driver who thinks he's Schumacher.

By taxi[edit]

Black & Yellow Top Taxi[edit]

Taxis are cheap and plentiful ($15-18 should be enough to take you from one end of the city to the other). Most taxis in Mumbai are small-medium sized cars (non air-conditioned), painted black-and-yellow (black on lower body and yellow on roof). You can hail a cab off the streets. However, many are quite rickety, dirty, and carry mechanical fare meters that could be tampered at times. Increasingly, these outdated Premier cabs, commonly referred to as Fiat taxis, are being replaced by small but efficient Hyundai Santro and Suzuki Altos, with electronic meters. Also, according to law, a black-and-yellow taxi driver cannot refuse a fare. If a driver does refuse, a threat to complain to the nearest cop usually does the trick.

Calculating Taxi Fare
Calculating taxi fares by reading a mechanical meter and converting it to a fare using a tariff card, may seem like a complicated system. However it's fairly simple. Just read the meter, calculate the fare by matching the meter reading with a tariff card to arrive at the final payable fare - the minimum fare is Rs 21 for first 1.5 kms and then Rs 1 for every 100 meters. Prepaid plans have the fare collected at the start and thus the meter reading is not applicable. For night charges (midnight to 5AM) mark up the fare by 25%. With large items of luggage add approximately Rs 10 per piece. It's quite handy to have the Taxi Meter Card issued by The Mumbai Traffic Police. However, going by traffic laws, Tariff card is mandatory and should be made available by the taxi/auto rickshaw driver to the passangers on request. You can access it online at Mumbai Traffic Police website [50]. Complaints can also be lodged online using the same site. There are smartphone apps which can calculate the rate for you based on the card - these are very useful. Some drivers may "forget" the tariff card, or auto rickshaw drivers may choose the taxi card, which is more expensive. Make sure the meter has been reset before you go - if your driver refuses to use the meter, take another cab/rickshaw.

One can pre-estimate Taxi and Auto fares using the website [51]. You need to enter the "From" location name and "To" location name and the service will calculate the distance, fare and also show you a Google map with the route.

If you have extra pieces of luggage, the boot (i.e. trunk) of the taxi will not provide sufficient space - one large suitcase is all that will fit there. Hiring a taxi with a top carrier will be better. Top carriers can accommodate up to three large suitcases. Before starting the journey, ensure that the luggage is securely fastened to the carrier.

Generally, the only way to call for the standard taxi is to hail one on the street. This will not be a problem if you are inside city limits (i.e. North Central Bombay and below). If you are in the suburbs, it will be difficult to find a taxi as they have been out-competed by the cheaper auto-rickshaws. Recently State Transport Authority of Maharashtra State has also introduced on-call facility to book these taxis, one can call 022-61234567 to book black and yellow (Non-AC) and CoolCabs (AC) taxis.

The maximum number of passengers allowed for a trip officially is four — three in the back seat and one in the front. Seat belts are not mandatory for taxi passengers and most standard black and yellow taxis will not even have them installed, though expect them in the branded ones.

Private taxis[edit]

However, if you want a comfortable, air-conditioned ride at a small surcharge of 25 percent over normal taxis it's best to travel by branded cab services that operate at government-approved tariffs. These services operate modern fleets with well trained drivers. You can get them at 30-60 minutes notice, they are clean, air-conditioned, equipped with digital, tamper-proof meters, punctual, honest, and GPS-equipped-monitored, which makes them far secure at any time. If you're using a mobile phone, you receive an SMS with the driver's name, mobile number and car number 30 minutes before scheduled departure. Charges are Rs 27 for the first kilometer and Rs 20 for subsequent kilometers, with a 25% night surcharge (midnight-5AM). Some can be booked online.

Follow the queue system to board a taxi. Quite frequently, tourists and new visitors are mobbed by unscrupulous taxi drivers. Most drivers are honest, but the dishonest ones tend to cluster around railway stations and airports where they can more easily find suckers. Unless you are taking a prepaid taxi, always ask taxis to go by the meter and don't be afraid to seek another taxi if the driver refuses. At the start of the journey, ensure that the meter is visible and shows the flag-down fare/meter reading.

Uber Ola cabs and GetMeCab are also easily available and can be approached either by calling the customer care, through mobile apps or through their websites. Some of the most preferred destinations close to Mumbai like Adlabs Imagica, Lonavala, Khandala, Alibaug, Kanakeshwar Mandir, Kolad, Shirdi, Pune etc can be explored by hiring an outstation taxi service for one-way or round-trip.

  • Ali Cool Cab (Ali Cool Cab), C-501, Dange Complex, Tower 1 Near Scared Heart School, Vasai Taluka, Nalasopara West, Mumbai, Maharashtra 401203, ☎+91 9767433709 ([email protected]), [2]. Ali Cool Cab is the most reliable and oldest car rental company of Maharashtra. They provide one way cab services for Mumbai to Pune and Pune to Mumbai journey. In addition, they also provide doorstep pickup and drop service.2200.  edit
  • Taxi Guru Solution (Taxi Guru Solution), Sr. No. 11/21, Hole Wasti, Behind Premanand Park,, Wanowrie, Pune, Maharashtra 411040, ☎+91 9763356909 ([email protected]), [3]. Taxi Guru Solution is the another popular car rental company which provides car on rent for outstation trips.2100.  edit
  • 7mcar (Pune Mumbai Car Rental), ([email protected]), [4]. 7mcar Provide Pune Mumbai Car rental & Mumbai Airport to Pune Car rental service. sabatourtravels.com is special in One way drop pickup form Mumbai airport to Pune .  edit
  • Balajicabs (Balajicabs.co.in taxi hire), ([email protected]), [5]. Balaji cabs provide daily Pune to Mumbai Pickup and Drop Service at Extremely affordable Cost and also delivers car rental service for outstation in Mumbai & Pune.  edit
  • Jayashri Travels (Jayashri Travels), Opposite Home Town, Behind Vitrum Glass Company Suryanagar, Vikhroli(w) Mumbai 400083, ☎+91 8424999314 ([email protected]), [6]. Jayashri Travels provide Rental Car Services in Mumbai.Taxi & Cabs for local and outstation journey.  edit
  • Pune Mumbai Cabs (punemumbaicabs.net taxi hire), ([email protected]), [7]. Pune Mumbai cabs provide affordable & time convenient cab service to doorstep.  edit

Ganraj Travels (Ganraj Travels), ☎+91-7387129329, [9]. Inquiry: 8AM to 11PM. Ganraj travels provide you the world class taxi service. book taxi or cab service to travels anywhere in India at ganraj travels in very affordable rates. Pune to mumbai cab at affordable cost with Ganraj Travels.  edit

Stay safe[edit]

If you travel alone, especially in night, then always see the meter by yourself and then pay the fare. If you are alone, sit in front so that you can see the meter. Most frauds take place at railway terminuses and at the airport.

By auto-rickshaw[edit]

Auto-rickshaws are only allowed to operate beyond Bandra in the western suburbs and beyond Sion in the central suburbs. They are not issued licenses in the downtown areas.

Before departing, ensure that the meter is visible and shows the flag-down reading as 18.00, which is the minimum fare. If the the number is higher, insist that the driver flags it down once again. The meter remains at 18.00 for the first 1.5 km and the fare is Rs 1-2 (variable) for every 100 meters beyond the first 1.6 km. After 12 pm they can ally night charges so meter can be 23-26 rupees.

The meter also keeps ticking if you are waiting and/or are stuck in traffic. The waiting charges are 1 rupee or 100 meters per minute It's quite handy to have a copy of the meter card issued by The Mumbai Traffic Police. However, these days Auto rickshaws are fitted with an electronic display fare meter that displays the fare + Distance travel led + Waiting time.

Auto-rickshaws are slower than cars and have terrible suspensions. Pregnant ladies are most strongly advised not to travel by auto-rickshaws since the combination of rash driving, poor suspensions, and horrible road conditions have quite often led to serious complications. The auto-rickshaw is a slow and uncomfortable vehicle and not recommended for very long distances.

By bus[edit]

Brihanmumbai Electric Supply and Transport (known as BEST) [52] provides efficient and comprehensive services connecting up all places of the city and the suburbs. Some services also link the city with the extended suburbs like Navi Mumbai, Thane, and Mira-Bhayanadar areas. Seats are almost always occupied. There are bus stops all over the city. There is usually a crowd and queue. You have to get in through the rear entrance and off at the front. Tickets are issued by a uniformed "conductor" after you get in. Special seats are marked for "Ladies", "Senior Citizens", "Handicapped", "Expectant Women", and "Women with infants". They can get in from the front.

Buses run from 5AM to midnight. Selected routes run beyond these timings, but much less often. Average frequency between buses ranges from five to 30 min depending on the route. Fares are reasonable and buses can be traveled during peak hours, unlike trains which are far too crowded. Some trunk routes do get extremely crowded however. Peak hours also have traffic snarls which may depend on the area traversed and the state of the roads.

What connects Electric supply and Transport?
BEST got into transport by starting a tram company. Now, of course, it runs buses that run on diesel & CNG, not electricity. The company is still in charge of electricity distribution for South and Central Mumbai.

Buses are numbered and the final destination is marked on the front in Marathi and on the side in English. Generally, buses around the city and trunk routes would be in the 1-199 series. Buses in the western suburbs would be the 200 series while those plying in the central and eastern suburbs would be in the 300 and 400 series. Services to Navi, Mumbai are in the 500 series and buses to the Mira-Bhayander area are in the 700 series. The BEST website has a nifty tool [53] that will help you plan your journey.

BEST has introduced the "DayPass" (Cost for adults — Rs 70 (across Mumbai, Mira-Bhayander, Navi Mumbai and Thane) - for children it's less), a ticket valid all day (until midnight) on all buses except Express and A/C services. A/C "Day Pass" costs Rs 150/- (across Mumbai, Mira-Bhayander, Navi Mumbai and Thane) - a ticket valid all day (until midnight) on all BEST A/C & Non-A/C buses. But any of such "Day Pass" can be availed by only those passengers who hold the SMART Photo ID Card(cost Rs. 25/-) issued by BEST.

By train[edit]

Suburban rail network[edit]

Most people travel in Mumbai using the Suburban Rail Network commonly referred to as "Locals". Mumbai has an extensive network, with three lines — the Western Line, the Central Main Line, and the Harbour Line.

  • Mumbai is a linear city and the Western Line travels from Churchgate to Virar via Mumbai's Western Suburbs. The Western line provides North-South connectivity. Slow local trains (MEMUs-Main Line Electric Multiple Units) may go beyond till Dahanu Road as well.
  • The Central Main Line travels from Mumbai CST (Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus), aka VT Victoria Terminus to Kalyan via Mumbai's Central Suburbs and Thane, with some slow services running beyond to Karjat, Khopoli, and Kasara. The interchange point between the Western Line and the Central Line is Dadar.
  • The Harbour Line has a common stretch between Mumbai CST (aka VT Victoria Terminus) and Vadala. The harbour line splits into two spurs, the main one running to Mumbai's Eastern Suburbs and Navi Mumbai, up to Panvel. The Interchange point of this line with the Central Main Line is at Kurla. The other spur of the Harbour Line runs up to Mahim on the Western Line and runs parallel up to Andheri. The interchange stations with the Western line are Bandra and Andheri.

Trains on all lines start operations after 4AM and close operations between midnight and 1AM. Second class travel is very cheap. However, it is advisable to buy first class tickets as the economy class is extremely crowded. First Class can be quite expensive and if four people are travelling together, a taxi might be better. There would always be queues and it would be advisable to buy coupon booklets.

If you are a tourist, you can buy a 'Tourist Ticket'. It costs Rs.275 and you can travel in first class compartments of all the three lines during the entire day. Ensure the location of the first class compartment before the train arrives. You may ask fellow passengers or the vendors at the various food stalls. An easier way to spot the location of the First class compartment is to check the station walls painted with red and yellow slant stripes.

Avoid using local trains during rush hour (first class or otherwise). Rush hour is 8:30AM-10:30AM towards CST and Churchgate and 5:30PM-8:30PM in the opposite direction. If you must transit during rush hour, avoid, at all costs, standing near the train car entry, as you will be swamped by a frantic, every man for himself, stampede of men attempting to get on the car. Take no offense if you are pushed and shoved about, as passengers jostle for a spot. As you near your exit station, ensure that you are as close as possible to the train door, as experienced commuters, will be begin the mad run to be first on, or off, the car before the car comes to a full stop! If you stand any chance of getting on/off before the train depart, you must be equally aggressive in your focus to exit/enter, remember no one will take offense if you make contact with others, as you wriggle by! Last, but not least, exiting/entering a train before it comes to a full stop is not something to be taken lightly, one misstep can send a person onto the rails with an amazing ease! Leave the stunts to the experienced locals.

There are special coaches for women on both classes. These are designated by green and yellow slant stripes, spot these stripes on the station walls and you'll know where the ladies compartment is. These are generally less crowded and safer. But very late at night, it might actually be safer to travel by the general coach than the first-class women's coach, as the latter may be absolutely empty except for you. From 11.15pm - 6:30am the ladies compartment towards the northern end is open to general public. Sometimes they have a cop guarding the coaches, but sometimes they won't. Use your judgment.

Find all trains to Mumbai: http://trainspy.com/static/station/(CSTM)MUMBAI-CST

Mumbai Metro[edit]

The Mumbai Metro was launched on Sunday, the 8th of June 2014. An inaugural offer of Rs 10 as fare for the month. Now the fares range from Rs. 10-40 depending on the distance between the stations.

Stations: Mumbai Metro has 12 stations in the V-A-G corridor namely Versova, D.N. Nagar, Azad Nagar, Andheri, Western Express Highway, .J.B. Nagar, Airport Road, Marol Naka, Saki Naka, Asalpha, Jagruti Nagar and Ghatkopar.

The Andheri metro station is connected to the Andheri Western Railway Station (andheri local station). It is also important to note that the Airport Road station is 2kms away from the international airport and not directly connected to it.

Schedule: The 1st train leaves from Versova at 05:35 hrs and last train leaves at 23:12 hrs. The 1st train leaves from Ghatkopar at 05:31 hrs and last train leaves at 23:39 hrs.

There is a train every 4 minutes during peak hours and every 8 minutes on non-peak hours, Sundays and public holidays. [Ref: http://www.reliancemumbaimetro.com/train_schedule.html]

Fare: For fares, please refer the below link. http://www.reliancemumbaimetro.com/fares.html

By ferry[edit]

These are a few intra-city ferry services:

  • Gateway of India to Elephanta caves Fast boats and Catamarans operated by private operators. These are moderately priced. This is the only way to get to Elephanta Caves.
  • Marve Jetty (Malad) to Manori Jetty Cheap ferry connecting Manori and Gorai. Also services for Esselworld (Amusement Park).
  • Versova (Andheri) to Madh Jetty Cheap ferry connecting Madh/Erangal/Aksa/Marve.
  • Gorai (Borivali) to Gorai Beach Low cost ferry connecting Gorai Beach/Esselworld.

By car[edit]

Travel agents and hotels can arrange private chauffeur driven cars to provide services. Expensive by comparison with taxis, they are the most trusted, secure, and comfortable way to travel around the city. Driving in Mumbai can be difficult, because of poor driver discipline, but chauffeur driven services are very reasonable. These can be arranged by travel companies or online from the countries of origin. However, if one wants to drive cars themselves, the option of self-drive rental cars also exist. 'Zoomcar' and Drivezy (Own the Experience, not the Car.), [10].  edit are two service providers of such cars.

If you are new in Mumbai city, Even then don’t need to worry about that you can easily explore your dream city, There is lots of transportation options. Bus, Train, Taxi, Car Rental for Mumbai sightseeing. you can choose any of them as per your need, For 5 to 6 people the best option is chauffeur driven cars for Mumbai Darshan. You can explore the city easily and make your trip successful, Also get plenty of time to do the rest of the things.Here are some car rental company names you can choose for your pleasant trip like Travelocar Mumbai, Gocar, Savaari, CarzonRent etc.

By bike[edit]

It is also possible to navigate the city and its outskirts with bikes. Although, tourists may find it extremely difficult to ride bikes due to poor road conditions. There are very few bike rental services in Mumbai and some of them allow online advanced booking like: Born to ride (Born to Ride), (2 kms. from Versova Metro), [11]. Rs 1800-5000/day. (19.14,72.81) edit


Mumbai is India's melting pot — a confluence of people from various parts of India, but dominant are people from the west, then north, and followed by the south. Marathi is the state and city official language used by State Government agencies, municipal authorities, and the local police, and also the first language of most locals.

However, being India's largest city and main commercial centre, Mumbai is now also home to migrants from other parts of India who do not speak Marathi. A local variant of Hindi, with strong Bollywood influence, called Bambaiya Hindi serves as the "lingua franca" and although almost everyone can understand normal Hindi, you may get an interesting reply from some. Most educated locals will be trilingual in Marathi, Hindi and English.

English is widely used in the corporate world and in banking and trading. At most places, you will be able to get by with Hindi and English, as most people you will encounter can communicate in broken English at the very least. However expect to hear more regional languages including Gujarati, Kannada, Telugu, Tamil, Sindhi based on work & location.

According to 2011 census Mumbai has a literacy rate of 94.7%, higher than the national average of 86.7%. Locals in Mumbai can manage to speak in broken English and those working in corporates and belonging to middle, upper middle and high class can speak fluent english.

See[edit][add listing]

The game of names
The names of Mumbai's monuments tell us the story of which way political winds were blowing when they were built. In the late 19th century the British named everything after their Queen, so we had Victoria terminus, Victoria Gardens, and the Victoria Jubilee Technical Institute (built in 1887 to commemorate the 50th anniversary of Her Majesty's coronation). In the early 20th century, they named everything after the Prince of Wales.

After independence the colonial names could not be retained of course, so they were renamed. Depending on whether the city was suffering from bouts of nationalistic pride or Marathi pride at that time, they were named after either Jawaharlal Nehru (the first Prime Minister of India) or Chattrapati Shivaji Maharaj (King Shivaji, who founded the Maratha empire in the 18th century). Often, they were named after Shivaji's mother, Jijabai. The advantage of this was that using Veermata Jijabai ("Courageous mother Jijabai") for a place that was earlier named for Victoria maintains the same abbreviation, so "Veermata Jijabai Technological Institute" (formerly Victoria Jubilee Technical Institute) is still VJTI.

For a traveller, the practical problem would be that many places have multiple names. Multiple places are named after Nehru, Shivaji, or Jijabai, so you need to be careful about specifying which place you need to get to.

Few important names changes to remember are:

  • 'Victoria Terminus' is now 'Chhtrapati Shivaji Terminus'
  • 'Jacob Circle' is now 'Saat Rasta' or 'Sant Gaadge Maharaj Chowk'
  • 'King's Circle' is now 'Maheshwari Udyyan'
  • 'Kurla Terminus' is now 'Lokmanya Tilak Terminus'

There is a lot to see in Mumbai, but the typical "tourist" sights are concentrated in South Mumbai.

By Indian standards, Mumbai is a young city and much of the land comprising the city did not exist until it was claimed from the sea over three centuries ago. It is therefore, a pleasant surprise to find rock cut caves such as the Elephanta, Kanheri, and Mahakali within city limits.

Colonial buildings[edit]

The British built a magnificent city within the walls of Fort St. George, which lies at the southern extremity of the city. Some fine examples of the Gothic revival, Neo-classical style and Indo-Saracenic style are seen within this area. To get the best [South Mumbai] experience, stroll around the wide streets of the area right from Churchgate to Colaba. These areas are all beautifully planned and have wide and clean pavements unlike the rest of the city. Famous monuments to be seen in this area are the Gateway of India, the Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (Victoria Terminus) building, the Municipal Corporation and Police Headquarters and the Chhatrapati Shivaji Vastu Sanghralaya (formerly, the Prince Of Wales museum). The famous Taj Mahal hotel is located just opposite the Gateway of India. The Mumbai University buildings and the High Court are also excellent examples of colonial architecture in the city.

There are a lot of other modern structures to look at in this area. The area known as Marine Drive (right from Chowpatty beach to NCPA) is home to a large number of buildings built in the Art Deco style. Mumbai is second only to Miami in the number of Art Deco buildings. some famous buildings in this style are the Eros and Regal cinemas.

Museums and galleries[edit]

Some of the most famous museums and art galleries in India are found here. The Kala Ghoda area in South Mumbai teems with them, particularly the Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Vastu Sangrahalaya (Prince of Wales Museum) [54], and the National Gallery of Modern Art [55]. Once again, most of them are concentrated in South Mumbai. Also worth planning a visit is Jehangir Art Gallery, also at Kala Ghoda, displays changing exhibits by notable artists. The plaza next to the gallery also regularly displays exhibits of various artists.


The Gateway of India is the most recognizable symbol of the city. It was built to commemorate the visit of the British Monarch King George V to India in 1911.
Carvings at the Elephanta Caves
Newly opened swanky Domestic Terminal 1B
Mumbai suburban railway route map

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