Arab-israeli Conflict Essay examples
1850 Words8 Pages
On November 29, 1947, the United Nations voted to divide the Middle Eastern land called Palestine into two independent nations, one Arab and one Jewish. On May 14, 1948, a new nation was born: Israel. The Jews of Israel and the world celebrated with joy and gladness, because for over two thousand years, they had hoped to return to the land of their heritage. (Silverman, 1) However with Jews from all around the world returning to Israel, the Arabs residing in this land were forced into exile. The rebirth of Israel marked the beginning of conflict, violence, and peace treaties between the Arabs and the Jews of the Middle East.
Tensions between Jews and Arabs have been present since biblical times in the Middle East. In 132 AD, when Israel…show more content…
They attacked Jewish farm settlements, villages and cities. The British troops occupying Palestine did not intervene between the Arabs and the Jews. Instead the British supported the Arabs against the Jews, and the Jews against the Arabs. (Silverman, 61-67) As more Jews arrived, the economy grew and attracted Arabs to immigrate to Palestine. However, while the Jews were returning to their homeland, Arab nationalism was growing. Palestine’s Arabs rejected the Balfour Declaration, even though they themselves had little interest in a state of their own at the time. Before long, the Arabs opposed the establishment of any Jewish State in the Middle East. (Goldschmidt, 158)
After 1945 and the Holocaust, which left 6 million Jewish men, women and children dead, the cause for a Jewish homeland, where Jews could be free of persecution gained momentum. In 1947, the United Nations voted to divide the Middle East between Jews and Arabs. The Jews agreed to this plan, while the Arabs rejected it. The Arabs would not recognize a Jewish State. Jordan and Syria also wanted Palestine to belong to them, and the Arabs of Palestine didn't see themselves as Palestinian, but instead as Arabs and wanted to be part of another Arab country. (Hiro, 65)
The basic cause for conflict between the new state of Israel and its Arab neighbors was that both the Jews and the Arabs claimed that Israel/Palestine was their
Show MoreThe focus here shall be on the analysis of the Middle East (Israeli – Palestine) deeply divided politics and security complex structure of the region. I shall approach the conflict (Israeli – Palestine) from the access point of; the USA (power mediator) and the critical analysis of matters arising in the conflict and the region within the last ten years. Answers to questions such as; what are the causes of security problems in the region (a bit of history will be considered)? What are the aims of the mediator and facilitator actor role? What is the future of the conflicts? A theoretical explanation shall be analysed and in the end, one shall understand whether there is an ongoing conflict management, an already established resolution or…show more content…
All these countries are sometimes referred to as Fertile Crescent.
The Role of USA in the Region As some would argue that USA is the world’s greatest, super power, world’s police and provider of order; it’s role in the Middle East is quite complicated but very significant and important the region. Over the last 10 years the US involvement in the region has increased, though to an extent the US is trying to minimize its military presence in the region, this could be seen through president Obama’s administration. Much attention is now being paid to diplomacy and the importance of the political economy of the region to the United States. The constant presence of the US in the affairs of the region as a power mediator or indirect political regulator is due to the lots of historic issues, political instability and conflicts imbedded in the territories and given that US have its national interest towards the region.
Israel – Palestine Conflict
This is one out of numerous conflicts of which US acts as a mediator. The bitterness started in 1967 and grew due to the struggle over the territory of Zionists considered holy by the Jews; this territory originally belongs to the Palestine Muslims for quite a long time, but the Jewish minority aggressively took over the territory through ethnic cleansing of millions of